Max Planck Gesellschaft

Projects & initiatives

The BGI department forms part of various international research projects in the field of e.g. land-biosphere-atmosphere interactions, carbon and nutrient cycles, Earth System modelling, remote sensing and Earth Observation, experimental field and lab studies; it forms part of a Marie Sklodowska-Curie Innovative Training Network on Remote Sensing for Ecosystem modelling (TRuStEE), the Biodiversity Exploratories, and other research activities. Currently the department hosts the ERC funded QUINCY project (Quantifying the effects of interacting nutrient cycles on terrestrial biosphere dynamics and their climate feedbacks) and coordinates the Future Earth IRDR WCRP Knowledge-Action Network on Emergent Risks and Extreme Events. Additionally, the department has coordinated the H2020 project BACI (Detecting changes in essential ecosystem and biodiversity properties – towards a Biosphere Atmosphere Change Index), the FP7-funded project CARBO-Extreme studying the impacts of climate variability and weather extremes, the ESA project CAB-LAB Coupled Atmosphere Biosphere Virtual Laboratory and the Future Earth cluster E3S Extreme Events and Environments from climate to Society.

Short descriptions of funded projects and scientific initiatives we are involved in are available below.

Current projects

Acronym: 4C
Title: Climate-Carbon Interactions in the Current Century
Duration: 6/2019 - 5/2023
PI/Co-PIs: Sönke Zaehle
Project link:

Participating department members:

Acronym: Biodiversity Exploratories
Title: Biodiversity Exploratories Core-Projects, Coordination
Duration: 5/2014 - 3/2023
PI/Co-PIs: Marion Schrumpf, Susan Trumbore
Project link:

The project provides essential soil characteristics that determine ecosystem properties such as plant and soil organism abundance, diversity, and productivity under different land use and management, and information on soil processes driving belowground carbon (C) and nutrient cycles, to link management, biodiversity and soil function.

Participating department members: Marion Schrumpf

Acronym: CHE
Title: CO2 Human Emissions
Duration: 10/2017 - 12/2020
PI/Co-PIs: Julia Marshall, Martin Jung
Project link:

Participating department members: Julia Marshall, Martin Jung, Sophia Walther

Acronym: CIRCASA
Title: Coordination of International Research Cooperation on soil CArbon Sequestration in Agriculture
Duration: 11/2017 - 10/2020
PI/Co-PIs: Marion Schrumpf
Project link:

Participating department members: Marion Schrumpf

Title: Coordinated Research in Earth Systems and Climate: Experiments, Knowledge, Dissemination and Outreach
Duration: 11/2015 - 10/2020
PI/Co-PIs: Sönke Zaehle
Project link:

The CRESCENDO project aims to facilitate a coordinated European contribution to the CMIP6 experiment where the climate change community compares different international climate models to improve our knowledge of the Earth’s climate processes and provide the best possible future climate projections to governments and decision-makers Earth system models are increasingly the primary tools used for estimating the full Earth system response to future emissions of greenhouse gases. Hence it is crucial these models are continually improved in order that more reliable future climate projections can be made.

Participating department members: Nuno Carvalhais, Sujan Koirala, Sönke Zaehle

Acronym: E-SHAPE
Title: EuroGEOSS Showcases: Applications Powered by Europe
Duration: 5/2019 - 4/2023
PI/Co-PIs: Markus Reichstein, Martin Jung
Project link:

E-SHAPE aims to develop operational Earth Observation (EO) services with and for the users and to create a conducive environment whereby the strengths of Europe are exploited towards addressing societal challenges, fostering entrepreneurship and supporting sustainable development.

Participating department members: Markus Reichstein, Martin Jung, Jacob A. Nelson

Title: REgional Carbon Cycle Assessment and Processes, Phase 2
Duration: 7/2020 - 1/2022
PI/Co-PIs: Ana Bastos
Project link:

The second phase of ESA-CCI RECCAP2 aims at improving the consistency between estimates of total greenhouse budgets produced by top-down and bottom-up methods against official estimates of national anthropogenic emissions and land sinks reported by individual countries to the UNFCCC as national communications.

Participating department members: Ana Bastos

Acronym: Extreme Events
Title: Extreme Events: Building Climate Resilient Societies
Duration: 1/2019 - 12/2021
PI/Co-PIs: Markus Reichstein
Project link:

Climate extremes are a top threat to human well-being and sustainable development Extreme events such as droughts, heatwaves, heavy rain, and violent storms are now part of our daily news. Risk-aware development towards the United Nations 17 Sustainable Development Goals can significantly reduce societal risks associated with climate extremes.

Participating department members: Markus Reichstein, Dorothea Frank, Miguel Mahecha, Linda Maack, Alice Ratajczak

Acronym: Flora Incognita++
Title: Flora Incognita – Systematic and reliable monitoring of German flora as a citizen science challenge
Duration: 8/2019 - 7/2024
PI/Co-PIs: Jana Wäldchen
Project link:

Project objectives: 1) Establishment of the Flora Incognita app as a standard method for plant identification in Germany 2) Development and implementation of an observation methodology and data exchange with various partners like nature conservation authorities and research groups 3)Development of quality assurance methods for observations and spatio-temporal analyses. 4) Expansion of the Flora Capture Citizen Science project and new didactic concepts for the dissemination of citizen species monitoring.

Participating department members: Markus Reichstein, Michael Rzanny, Alice Deggelmann

Acronym: LCC
Title: Land Surface Carbon Constellation Study
Duration: 10/2020 - 3/2023
PI/Co-PIs: Sönke Zaehle, Mirco Migliavacca
Project link:

Participating department members: Sönke Zaehle, Mico Migliavacca

Acronym: LST_cci
Title: Land Surface Temperature CCI project
Duration: 11/2018 - 5/2021
PI/Co-PIs: Markus Reichstein
Project link:

Land Surface Temperature (LST) is an important variable within the Earth climate system. It describes processes such as the exchange of energy and water between the land surface and atmosphere, and influences the rate and timing of plant growth. The LST_cci aims to provide an accurate view of temperatures across land surfaces globally over the past 20 to 25 years and meet the requirements of Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) for climate applications by developing techniques to merge archived data from a variety of satellites into a combined long-term satellite record for climate.

Participating department members: Markus Reichstein, Sophia Walther

Acronym: MALAICC
Title: Multivariate analysis of the land-atmosphere-interactions in a changing climate
Duration: 2/2018 - 1/2021
PI/Co-PIs: Rene Orth
Project link:

Participating department members: Rene Orth, Jasper Denissen, Sungmin O, Markus Reichstein

Acronym: Monitoring biodiversity from space
Title: Monitoring biodiversity from space: exploring the potentials of ESA’s Copernicus and German national EO missions
Duration: 1/2020 - 6/2022
PI/Co-PIs: Mirco Migliavacca
Project link:

Project objectives: 1) To develop innovative method that can ingest multi-sourced satellite data (multispectral, hyperspectral, radar) to retrieve forest taxonomic and functional diversities; 2) To map taxonomic and functional diversity over European forests by applying methods developed in 1); 3)To study biodiversity effect on ecosystem functioning and resilience by integrating biodiversity maps from 2) and ecosystem functioning variables from the ICOS or similar networks.

Participating department members: Mirco Migliavacca, Miguel Mahecha, Javier Pacheco Labrador, Diego Kraemer

Acronym: QUINCY
Title: Quantifying the effects of interacting nutrient cycles on terrestrial biosphere dynamics and their climate feedbacks
Duration: 9/2015 - 8/2021
PI/Co-PIs: Sönke Zaehle
Project link:

The objective of QUINCY is to clarify the role of the interacting terrestrial nitrogen and phosphorus cycles and their effects on terrestrial C allocation and residence times as well as terrestrial water fluxes

Participating department members: Lucia Eder, Enrico Weber, Melanie Kern, Jan Engel, Siliva Caldararu, Marion Schrumpf,Sönke Zaehle

Acronym: USMILE
Title: Understanding and Modelling the Earth System with Machine Learning
Duration: 9/2020 - 8/2026
PI/Co-PIs: Markus Reichstein
Project link:

Participating department members: Markus Reichstein

Acronym: VERIFY
Title: Observation-based system for monitoring and verification of greenhouse gases
Duration: 1/2018 - 12/2021
PI/Co-PIs: Martin Jung, Christoph Gerbig
Project link:

Participating department members: Martin Jung, Sophia Walther

Completed projects

Acronym: ABBA
Title: Advancing the Integrated Monitoring of Trace Gas Exchange between Biosphere and Atmosphere
Duration: 9/2008 - 2/2013
Project link:

Contact: Markus Reichstein

This COST Action ES0804 provides a strong and dedicated coordination platform for planning, analysis and synthesis efforts, which will actually establish the building blocks of a European next generation of comprehensive multi-species flux monitoring sites. The COST Action will also create standardised methods and protocols for selection of site location, flux measurement techniques, (automated) processing and storage of data. This with a view to stimulate wider use of the data by a more diverse community of researchers, operational forecasters and environmental assessment organisations, policy and public.

Acronym: AquaDiva
Title: Tracing metabolic and organic signals through the Earth's Critical Zone
Duration: 12/2013 - 6/2017
Project link:

Contact: Gerd Gleixner, Markus Reichstein, Susan Trumbore

Acronym: BACI
Title: Detecting changes in essential ecosystem and biodiversity properties – towards a Biosphere Atmosphere Change Index: BACI
Duration: 4/2015 - 3/2019
Project link:

Contact: Miguel Mahecha, Markus Reichstein

Title: Assessing vegetation carbon dynamics from multi-decadal spaceborne observations
Duration: 11/2018 - 10/2019
Project link:

Contact: Nuno Carvalhais

In this project, we'll work on creating a multi-decadal record of biomass estimates from multiple Earth Observation datasets and investigate the integration of these new remote sensing data streams into an analysis of ecosystem dynamics and modelling

Acronym: CAB-LAB
Title: Coupled Atmosphere Biosphere virtual LABoratory
Duration: 2/2015 - 1/2017
Project link:

Contact: Miguel Mahecha, Fabian Gans

Acronym: CARBO-Extreme
Title: The terrestrial Carbon cycle under Climate Variability and Extremes a Pan-European synthesis
Duration: 6/2009 - 5/2013
Project link:

Contact: Christian Beer, Nuno Carvalhais, Dorothea Frank, Miguel Mahecha, Markus Reichstein, Xiuchen Wu, Jakob Zscheischler

CARBO-Extreme aims to * improve our understanding of the terrestrial carbon cycle in response to climate variability and extreme events * represent and apply this knowledge over Europe with predictive terrestrial carbon cycle modelling * interpret the model predictions in terms of vulnerability of the terrestrial - in particular soil - carbon pools under different scenarios and give advice to the European Commission and other stakeholders to support the development and implementation of climate, soil and ecosystem protection policies.

Title: Quantification, understanding and prediction of carbon cycle, and other GHG gases, in Sub-Saharan Africa
Duration: 10/2006 - 3/2010
Project link:

Contact: Markus Reichstein, Werner Kutsch

Acronym: CarboEurope IP
Title: Assessment of the European Terrestrial Carbon Balance
Duration: 1/2004 - 12/2008
Project link:

Contact: Ernst-Detlef Schulze, Martin Heimann, Christoph Gerbig, Martin Jun, Miguel Mahecha, Markus Reichstein, Sönke Zaehle

To advance our understanding in a multidisciplinary and integrated way, 61 research centres from 17 European countries have joined forces for a 5-year EU-funded research project started in January 2004. CarboEurope-IP addresses basic scientific questions of high political relevance.

Acronym: Carbones
Title: 30-year re-analysis of CARBON fluxES and pools over Europe and the Globe
Duration: 4/2010 - 3/2013
Project link:

Contact: Matthias Forkel, Markus Reichstein

A novel approach for quantifying and understanding CO2 surface fluxes is proposed with CARBONES. It is a global information system that will address in a comprehensive and accurate way the quantification and understanding of the distribution of CO2 fluxes, carbon pools and underlying processes. It will take advantage of (and further adapt) in situ data infrastructures (ICOS, FLUXNET, CO2 networks, biomass and soil inventories) as well as space-based information of land and ocean surface biophysical properties and atmospheric composition. CARBONES will deliver the first ever consistent, high space and time resolution information of the history of the carbon Cycle, with associated uncertainties and attribution to controlling processes. Our tasks are: Leading WP 300: The aim of this work package is to provide three independent classes of data that will be used in the CARBONES system and advice on methodologies to use these data: (a) anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions, land cover type and meteorological data as model forcing; (b) Satellite and in-situ data for assimilation into the system using the Core Services Products; (c) independent validation data that will be prepared and “metrics” defined that are robust indicators of model performance at the time- and space scales of interest. Our strategy is to have the different observational time and space scales 'built in" into the cost function minimized by the assimilation system. This is described in WP400. Carbon cycle observations are based upon different measurement principles (e.g. concentrations and fluxes), have different temporal and spatial densities (e.g. satellite and in-situ) and different scales. A further complexity of the carbon cycle data assimilation problem is that five orders of magnitudes of time-scales need to be resolved, going from hour in the case of photosynthesis, to decades in the case of soil organic carbon decomposition.

Acronym: CarboPerm
Title: Carbon processes in permafrost ecosystems: generation, transformation and release
Duration: 10/2013 - 9/2016
Project link:

Contact: Martin Heimann, Mathias Goeckede, Markus Reichstein

Acronym: CIRCE
Title: Climate Change and Impact Research: the Mediterranean Environment
Duration: 4/2007 - 3/2011
Project link:

Contact: Markus Reichstein, Dorothea Frank, Enrico Tomelleri

CIRCE aims at developing for the first time an assessment of the climate change impacts in the Mediterranean area. The objectives of the project are: - to predict and to quantify physical impacts of climate change in the Mediterranean area; - to evaluate the consequences of climate change for the society and the economy of the populations located in the Mediterranean area; - to develop an integrated approach to understand combined effects of climate change; - to identify adaptation and mitigation strategies in collaboration with regional stakeholders.

Title: Climate change predictions in Sub-Saharan Africa: impacts and adaptations
Duration: 10/2010 - 9/2014
Project link:

Contact: Martin Jung, Markus Reichstein, Eric Thomas, Ulrich Weber

ClimAfrica is conceived to respond to the urgent international need for the most appropriate and up-to-date tools to better understand and predict climate change, assess its impact on African ecosystems and population, and develop the correct adaptation strategies. Africa is probably the most vulnerable continent to climate change and climate variability and shows diverse range of agro-ecological and geographical features. Thus the impacts of climate change can be very high and will greatly differ across the continent, and even within countries. The project focus on the following specific objectives: 1. Develop improved climate predictions on seasonal to decadal climatic scales, especially relevant to SSA; 2. Assess climate impacts in key sectors of SSA livelihood and economy, especially water resources and agriculture; 3- Evaluate the vulnerability of ecosystems and civil population to inter-annual variations and longer trends (10 years) in climate; 3. Suggest and analyse new suited adaptation strategies, focused on local needs; 4. Develop a new concept of 10 years monitoring and forecasting warning system, useful for food security, risk management and civil protection in SSA; 5. Analyse the economic impacts of climate change on agriculture and water resources in SSA and the cost-effectiveness of potential adaptation measures.

Acronym: ClimateResilience
Title: DKN Future Earth Working group “Societal resilience and climate extremes”
Duration: 10/2017 - 9/2019
Project link:

Contact: Markus Reichstein

Climate extremes are one of the major future threats to society, as recognized by several international bodies. Yet, it is difficult to conceive the question: “Which instabilities, tipping points and risk cascades are most likely emerging from the interaction of future climate extremes with ecological and societal systems?” There is lack of systematic assessment which modelling approaches and data from various disciplines can be used to better constrain this question. In addition, climate extremes are usually defined with extreme weather events in mind, while risks to society emerge as well from longer-term (e.g. decadal) extreme climatic conditions, including slow onset events. Thus, the key goal of this working group is to envision how far the German and international scientific community may come in the next 5-10 years to answer the above question.

Acronym: COMBINE
Title: Comprehensive Modelling of the Earth System for Better Climate Prediction and Projection
Duration: 5/2009 - 10/2013
Project link:

Contact: Christian Beer, Martin Jung, Markus Reichstein, Sönke Zaehle

The European integrating project COMBINE brings together research groups to advance Earth system models (ESMs) for more accurate climate projections and for reduced uncertainty in the prediction of climate and climate change in the next decades. COMBINE will contribute to better assessments of changes in the physical climate system and of their impacts in the societal and economic system. The proposed work will strengthen the scientific base for environmental policies of the EU for the climate negotiations, and will provide input to the IPCC/AR5 process. Our main role is to provide strategies, methods and data for model evaluation, in particular of the carbon and water cycles.

Acronym: COREGAL
Title: Combined Positoning-Relfectomerty GALileo Code Receiver for Forest Management
Duration: 1/2015 - 5/2017
Project link:

Contact: Nuno Carvalhais

Acronym: Coupled Carbon-Nitrogen Cycle Models
Title: Systematic assessment of uncertainty in coupled carbon-nitrogen cycle models and their climate feedbacks
Duration: 8/2012 - 8/2015
Project link:

Contact: Sönke Zaehle, Johannes Meyerholt

The new generation of land carbon-nitrogen-cycle models show that nitrogen feedbacks attenuate the responses of the carbon cycle to perturbations, thereby affecting long-term projections of climate change. However, the magnitude of this effect is very different between the models, leading to considerable uncertainty in projected rates of climate change. This PhD project seeks to better understand and quantify this uncertainty by systematically assessing alternative model components in a common framework. Key observations of global carbon-nitrogen cycling will be used to evaluate competing process formulations. The thoroughly examined set of model components, linked in a common global modelling framework, will be used to make ensemble projections of the effects of future global change on terrestrial feedbacks to the climate system, systematically assessing uncertainty in these projections stemming from uncertainty in both parametric and process- formulation of global carbon-nitrogen cycle modelling.

Acronym: DEHESHyrE
Title: Monitoring mass and energy fluxes in a manipulated Mediterranean tree-grass Dehesa (Mediterranean Savanna) ecosystem through the integration of ground and satellite data with airborne hyperspectral imagery
Duration: 1/2015 - 4/2016
Project link:

Contact: Mirco Migliavacca

DEHESHyrE proposes joint modeling of water, carbon and nutrient cycling by means of ground measurements, airborne and satellite systems, which involves combination of data at various spatial and temporal scales. The project if focused on the Integration of multitemporal/multiscale optical and thermal data to interpret and monitor ecosystem-scale water, carbon and nutrient fluxes in Mediterranean areas with complex vegetation structure.

Acronym: E3S
Title: Extreme Events and Environments from climate to Society
Duration: 10/2014 - 9/2016
Project link:

Contact: Markus Reichstein, Dorothea Frank

Acronym: ECLAIRE
Title: Effects of Climate Change on Air Pollution Impacts and Response Strategies for European Ecosystems
Duration: 10/2011 - 9/2015
Project link:

Contact: Martina Franz, Sönke Zaehle

ÉCLAIRE seeks to quantify the effects of climate change on air pollution impacts and use this to develop response strategies for European ecosystems. Focussing especially on the role of ozone and nitrogen, and where relevant their interactions with volatile organic compounds, the main objectives of Eclaire are to provide a robust understanding of the air pollution impacts on European land ecosystems under changing environmental conditions, and to provide reliable and innovative risk assessment methodologies to support EU policy. BGI is mainly involved in developing modelling schemes to account for ozone impacts on vegetation and feedback to the terrestrial carbon-nitrogen cycles.

Acronym: EMBRACE
Title: Earth system Model Bias Reduction and assessing Abrupt Climate ChangE
Duration: 11/2010 - 2/2016
Project link:

Contact: Nuno Carvalhais, Martin Jung, Markus Reichstein, Sönke Zaehle

Das EU-Projekt EMBRACE hat zum Ziel, die bewährten europäischen Erdsystemmodelle zu verbessern, um u.a. verlässliche Aussagen über zu erwartende Extremereignisse wie Dürren, Überflutungen und Hitzewellen zu ermöglichen.

Acronym: ENIGMA
Title: Earth System Network of Integrated Modelling and Assessmen
Duration: 1/2006 - 1/2013
Project link:

Contact: Daniela Dalmonech, Martin Heimann, Christoph Köstler, Gregor Schürmann, Sönke Zaehle

This is a joint research project of MPI for Biogeochemsitry, MPI for Meteorology, MPI for Chemistry, and the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research to bridge the current gap between the traditional modelling of physical-chemical components of the Earth system and the modelling of the biosphere. TBM contributes to the workpackages on data assimilation and carbon-nitrogen cycling.

Acronym: ESDL
Title: Earth System Data Laboratory
Duration: 4/2018 - 9/2019
Project link:

Contact: Miguel Mahecha

The Earth System Data Lab (ESDL) is a multi-variate data set of essential Earth System variables on a common grid and sharing a common data model. The main objective of the ESDL activity is to establish and operate a service to the scientific community that greatly facilitates access and exploitation of the multivariate data set in the ESDL and by this means advances the understanding of the interactions between the ocean-land-atmosphere system and society.

Title: Spectral Sampling Tools for Vegetation Biophysical Parameters and Flux Measurements in Europe
Duration: 11/2009 - 5/2013
Project link:

Contact: Enrico Tomelleri

The main objective of this Cost Action ES0903 is to develop common protocols and new instruments within a larger European network for optical measurements, bringing together scientists and industries in order to increase the reliability, value and cost-efficiency of the existing spectral observations within the European flux network. The Action will focus on the optical sampling strategies, which can be considered a fundamental tool in monitoring Biophysical Parameters (BP) and which act as a "bridge" between the flux tower and the remote sensing community.

Acronym: FACE-MDS2
Title: Benchmarking ecosystem models using DoE FACE experiments
Duration: 7/2013 - 12/2015
Project link:

Contact: Sönke Zaehle, Kristina Luis

FACE-MPI2 is an international effort to use observations from free-air CO2 enrichment experiments to better understand the validity of assumptions commonly used in ecosystem models. Using the FACE-MIP approach developed for analyzing Duke and ORNL FACE data, the analysis is now extended to additional elevated CO2 experiments: DOE-supported experiments will broaden the range of ecosystem types and environmental interaction to include the colder conditions and ozone interaction of the Rhinelander FACE; the hot, droughty conditions and very different vegetation of the Nevada FACE experiment; the especially long-term record of the Maryland salt marsh OTC experiment; and the high temperature interactions with CO2 in the Florida OTC experiment. This activity will test how the models compare under different circumstances, and provide a broader picture of what model behaviors we should expect. Where there are explainable differences in the responses observed in these different experiments, we can test whether the models replicate those differences.

Acronym: FLEXSense
Title: FLEXSense: Technical assistance for airborne measurements during the FLEX sentinel tandem experiment
Duration: 12/2018 - 11/2019
Project link:

Contact: Mirco Migliavacca

The FLEX-Sense 2018 envisaged campaign activities focus on collecting relevant airborne data over representative monitoring sites, concurrent with ground-based measurements and in coordination with the spaceborne mission Sentinel 3-B. (ESA, subcontract with research centre Jülich)

Title: Toward an Operational Global Carbon Observing System
Duration: 10/2011 - 9/2014
Project link:

Contact: Nuno Carvalhais, Christoph Gerbig, Martin Heimann, Martin Jung, Christoph Köstler, Manos Kalomenopoulos, Miguel Mahecha, Markus Reichstein, Gregor Schürmann, Sönke Zaehle

GEOCARBON aims at designing a coordinated Global Carbon Observation and Analysis System, addressing the climate targets of the Group on Earth Observations (GEO) toward building a Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) for carbon. Specific objectives are: 1. Provide an aggregated set of harmonized global carbon data (CO2 and CH4) and information (integrating the land, ocean, atmosphere and human dimension) 2. Develop improved Carbon Cycle Data Assimilation Systems (CCDAS) 3. Define the specifications for an operational Global Carbon Observing System 4. Provide improved regional carbon budgets of Amazon and Central Africa 5. Provide comprehensive and synthetic information on the annual sources and sinks of CO2 and CH4 for the globe and for large ocean and land regions 6. Provide an economic assessment of the value of an enhanced Global Carbon Observing System 7. Strengthen the effectiveness of the global Carbon Community participation in the GEO system. The achievements of each of the specific objectives will represent key advancements. Another major advancement will be the translation of the scientific knowledge into policy relevant information. This will allow decision makers timely addressing mitigation and adaptation strategies and verification process of greenhouse gas emissions and sinks.

Acronym: GHG-Europe
Title: Greenhouse gas management in European land use systems
Duration: 1/2010 - 9/2013
Project link:

Contact: Martin Heimann, Christoph Gerbig, Jošt Valentin Lavric, Antje Moffat, Markus Reichstein, Enrico Tomelleri, Sönke Zaehle

Acronym: GlobBiomass
Title: The GlobBiomass project develops and demonstrates an integrated and validated methodology using EO and in-situ data to improve regional and global biomass estimates.
Duration: 1/2015 - 12/2017
Project link:

Contact: Nuno Carvalhais, Markus Reichstein

Acronym: ICOS
Title: Integrated Carbon Observing System
Duration: 4/2008 - 3/2013
Project link:

Contact: Christoph Gerbig, Markus Reichstein

ICOS is a new European Research Infrastructure for providing the long-term observations required to understand the present state and predict future behavior of the global carbon cycle and greenhouse gas emissions and for monitoring the effectiveness of carbon sequestration and/or greenhouse gases emission reduction activities on global atmospheric composition levels, including attribution of sources and sinks by region and sector. Our main role is to contribute to an assessment and optimization of the representativeness and usefulness of the European eddy covariance flux network for the goals of ICOS.

Acronym: iDiv
Title: German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research
Duration: 11/2013 - 1/2015
Project link:

Contact: Jens Kattge, Miguel Mahecha, Markus Reichstein, Sue Trumbore, Franziska Schrodt

The central mission of the iDiv is to promote theory-driven synthesis and experiments and data-driven theory in biodiversity sciences, and provide the scientific foundation for a sustainable management of the earth’s biodiversity. The main deliverables of the centre are (i) novel experimental and meta-analytical tests of existing theories, (ii) novel theories inspired by and testable with data, and (iii) practical solutions for improving biodiversity conservation. This will be supported by existing, as well as several new experimental and database-platforms. iDiv is based in Leipzig and jointly hosted by the University of Leipzig (UL), the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), and the Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), all of which have a strong tradition in biodiversity sciences.

Acronym: JULIA
Title: Joining ecophysiological Understanding and global ecosystem modelling for improved simulation of Land surface Interactions with the Atmosphere
Duration: 8/2008 - 7/2011
Project link:

Contact: Sönke Zaehle

Acronym: Microbial Turnover
Title: Studying microbial turnover with soil phosphate oxygen isotopes
Duration: 1/2013 - 12/2015
Project link:

Contact: Markus Reichstein


Title: Moisture dynamics and carbon sequestration in boreal soils
Duration: 4/2018 - 12/2019
Project link:

Contact: Bernhard Ahrens, Markus Reichstein

The project addresses the effect of soil moisture on carbon dynamics in boreal forest soils. It will improve our understanding of this key process and generate new data on soil C stocks and moisture conditions. The new data and knowledge will be used to improve the models. We will run the improved models to estimate soil C amounts for whole landscapes. We expect this work to decrease the uncertainty in the prediction of global soil C dynamics, which is a relevant issue for the international research community.

Acronym: MoReDEHESHyReS
Title: Modelling Responses of Dehesas with Hyperspectral Remote Sensing
Duration: 1/2017 - 12/2019
Project link:

Contact: Mirco Migliavacca

MoReDEHESHyReS methodology will be tested using hyperspectral ground and airborne data acquired in a Mediterranean tree-grass ecosystem located in Majadas del Tiétar, Cáceres, Spain. I this site, a complete set of replicated Eddy covariance ecosystem and subcanopy towers support a large scale fertilization experiment (MANIP). Spectral data were acquired from ground (SMANIE) and airborne (DEHESHyRe, FLUXPEC) platforms simultaneously to surface fluxes.

Acronym: Mr. PARTS
Title: Minirhizotron: Phenology and Root Traits
Duration: 6/2017 - 5/2019
Project link:

Contact: Richard Nair, Mirco Migliavacca, Markus Reichstein

Acronym: PAGE 21
Title: Changing Permafrost in the Arctic and its Global Effects in the 21st Century
Duration: 11/2011 - 10/2015
Project link:

Contact: Christian Beer, Mathias Goeckede, Martin Heimann , Sonja Kaiser

PAGE21 is a Large-scale integrating collaborative project under the ENV call topic "Vulnerability of Arctic permafrost to climate change and implications for global GHG emissions and future climate" (ENV.2011.1.1.3-1) PAGE21 will aim to understand and quantify the vulnerability of permafrost environments to a changing global climate, and to investigate the feedback mechanisms associated with increasing greenhouse gas emissions from permafrost zones. This research will make use of a unique set of Arctic permafrost investigations performed at stations that span the full range of Arctic bioclimatic zones. The project will bring together the best European permafrost researchers and eminent scientists from Canada, Russia, the USA, and Japan.

Acronym: QUASOM
Title: Quantifying and modeling pathways of soil organic matter as affected by abiotic factors, microbial dynamics, and transport processes
Duration: 9/2008 - 2/2014
Project link:

Contact: Bernhard Ahrens, Maarten Braakhekke, Lenka Forkelova, Gerd Gleixner, Myroslava Khomik, Markus Reichstein, Marion Schrumpf, Stefany Thiessen, Enrico Weber, Thomas Wutzler

The general aim of the QUASOM project is to improve our understanding of the key interactions between the biological and the physicochemical soil systems. These are often not explicitly considered in current experimental and modeling approaches and are likely to influence the biogeochemical cycles for a large part of the terrestrial biosphere and thus have the potential to significantly impact the Earth System as a whole. This will be achieved through an approach that integrates new soil mesocosm experiments, field data from ongoing European projects, and soil process modeling. An incorporation of a new soil module into a global dynamic vegetation model (DGVM) is foreseen.

Acronym: SAVNET
Title: Observing vegetation status and function from the ground to the space (SAVNET)
Duration: 1/2017 - 12/2018
Project link:

Contact: Mirco Migliavacca

The project will provide complementarily support our collaborative research/training and networking activities and field work in the context of the projects SynerTGE, MANIP and TRUSTEE.

Acronym: SIB-LAB
Title: The Central Siberian Global Change Laboratory
Duration: 8/2011 - 5/2013
Project link:

Contact: Christian Beer, Martin Thurner, Sonja Kaiser

Due to its climatic importance as well as high industrial development rates caused by the region´s precious natural resources (gas, oil, lumber, gold, minerals, diamonds), central Siberia and namely the Krasnoyarsk region was and is in the focus of European, Russian and global research projects starting twenty years ago (namely the IGBP Boreal Transect Study).

Acronym: SIBAE
Title: Stable Isotopes in Biospheric-Atmospheric-Earth System Research
Duration: 5/2009 - 5/2013
Project link:

Contact: Christian Beer

SIBAE is an integrative, coordinated European platform for the use of stable isotopes in biosphere-atmosphere-Earth system studies

Acronym: SOPRAN II
Title: Ozeanische Oberflächenprozesse im Anthropozän II; Vorhaben: Quantifizierung regionaler ozeanatmosphärer Gasaustauschflüsse von CO2, O2 und N2O im subtrop. Atlantik und in der Mauretanischen Auftriebszone
Duration: 2/2010 - 1/2013
Project link:

Contact: Martin Heimann, Markus Reichstein

Acronym: SPP 1685 Phase II
Title: Ein Modellansatz zur Kontrolle des Umsatzes organischer Substanz im Ökosystem durch Nährstoffverfügbarkeit
Duration: 2/2017 - 1/2020
Project link:

Contact: Marion Schrumpf, Sönke Zaehle

The objective of the priority Program 1685 is to investigate the relevance of the ecological paradigm of the ‘whole being more than the sum of its parts’ for P - nutrition of forest ecosystems. Therefore new concepts of ecosystem nutrition and new methods will be developed. We will investigate if there are any adaption mechanism of forest ecosystems to sites with poor P supply, which are not a result of the adaptation of single organisms but of ecological interactions, which enable coordinated nutrient (re-) mobilisation, uptake, usage and storage.

Acronym: SUBSOM
Title: The forgotten part of carbon cycling: Organic matter storage and turnover in subsoils
Duration: 12/2017 - 12/2019
Project link:

Contact: Markus Reichstein, Marion Schrumpf

Acronym: Terrabites
Title: The Terrestrial Biosphere in the Earth System
Duration: 1/2009 - 12/2014
Project link:

Contact: Sönke Zaehle

The main objective of the Cost Action ES0805 is a cross-disciplinary assessment of our current understanding of the terrestrial biosphere from an Earth system perspective to improve the reliability of future Earth system projections in coupled climate-biosphere simulations. This Action is a cross-community initiative to join efforts for improving the reliability of future combined climate-biosphere projections by accounting for recent progress in understanding, modelling and quantification of biospheric processes in the Earth system.

Acronym: TRuStEE
Title: Training on Remote sensing for Ecosystem modElling
Duration: 10/2016 - 9/2020
Project link:

Contact: Mirco Migliavacca

TRuStEE aims to capacitate the next generation of scientists to understand and deal with the increasing pressure of environmental change on ecosystem functioning and land-atmosphere interactions. Specifically, TRuStEE will train a new generation of scientists with complementary and interdisciplinary skills in ecosystem modelling, plant physiology, remote sensing technologies and big data analysis, addressing the specific objectives: 1) to identify essential biodiversity variables (EBVs) and the link with plant traits (PTs) and ecosystem functional properties (EFPs), inferable from remote sensing, 2) to investigate a completely new avenue for assessing vegetation photosynthetic efficiency from remote sensing measurements of canopy fluorescence, 3) to assimilate diverse remote sensing data streams with varying spatial and temporal resolution in dynamic ecosystem models 4) to exploit new satellite missions (e.g. ESA-FLEX, ESA-Sentinels, NASA-GEDI) and Earth Observation products for the upscaling of PTs, EBVs and EFPs.

Acronym: WACMOS-II
Title: Evapotranspiration estimates at global and regional scales
Duration: 9/2012 - 5/2014
Project link:

Contact: Martin Jung, Markus Reichstein

WACMOS-II aims to advance towards the development of evapotranspiration (ET) estimates at global and regional scales, having as main objectives to develop a Reference Input Data Set to derive and validate ET estimates, and to perform a cross-comparison, error characterization, and validation exercise of a group of selected ET algorithms driven by the Reference Input Data Set.

Cost Actions and other networks

FLUXNET, a "network of regional networks" coordinates regional and global analyses of eddy covariance observations from micrometeorological tower sites. Together with Dario Papale, Viterbo and Dennis Baldocchi, Berkeley, and in collaboration with regional networks and Microsoft Research and Berkeley Water Centre, we have been preparing a new generation FLUXNET dataset, for that a pre-version was discussed on the Last workshop in La Thuile, Italy: 19-22 Feb 2007.
For more information about this workshop and the new data set, please see our webpage

Participating department members:
Markus Reichstein

Name: iDiv - German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research
Coordinator: based in Leipzig and jointly hosted by the University of Leipzig (UL), the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), and the Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU)
Link to project:

The central mission of the iDiv is to promote theory-driven synthesis and experiments and data-driven theory in biodiversity sciences, and provide the scientific foundation for a sustainable management of the earth’s biodiversity.
The main deliverables of the centre are (i) novel experimental and meta-analytical tests of existing theories, (ii) novel theories inspired by and testable with data, and (iii) practical solutions for improving biodiversity conservation. This will be supported by existing, as well as several new experimental and database-platforms.
iDiv is based in Leipzig and jointly hosted by the University of Leipzig (UL), the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), and the Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU), all of which have a strong tradition in biodiversity sciences.
The expertise of the consortium is strongly enhanced by eight non-university institutions – the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ), the Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry (MPI BGC), the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology (MPI CE), the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology (MPI EVA), the Leibniz Institute of Plant Biochemistry (IPB), the Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK), the Leibniz Institute Senckenberg Museum of Natural History (SMNG), and the Leibniz Institute German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures (DSMZ).

Participating BGI department members (from other MPI-BGC departments):
Jens Kattge, Miguel Mahecha, Markus Reichstein, Sue Trumbore

Name: TRY - Quantifying and scaling global plant trait diversity
Coordinator: TRY is a network of vegetation scientists headed by DIVERSITAS, IGBP, iDiv, the Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry and an international Advisory Board
Project Link:

Quantifying and scaling global plant trait diversity
Plant traits - morphological, anatomical, biochemical, physiological or phenological features of individuals or their component organs or tissues - are a key to understanding and predicting the adaptation of ecosystems in the face of biodiversity loss and global change. To improve the empirical data basis for such projections, in 2007 the TRY project was initiated, aimed at bringing together the different plant trait databases worldwide. In this context TRY is not an acronym, rather a statement of sentiment. Since 2007 the TRY database has accomplished an unprecedented coverage. It contains 3 million trait records for 750 traits of 1 million individual plants, representing 69,000 plant species. About half of the data are geo-referenced, providing a global coverage of more than 8000 measurement sites.

Main objectives

  • Provide a global archive of plant traits
  • Promote trait-based approaches in ecology and biodiversity science
  • Support the design of a new generation of global vegetation models

Participating BGI department members (from other MPI-BGC departments):
Gerhard Boenisch, Angela Guenther, Jens Kattge, Talie Musavi, Markus Reichstein, Franziska Schrodt

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