Max Planck Gesellschaft

ATTO - the Amazon Tall Tower Observatory

_About ATTO

ATTO is a joint German-Brazilian project launched in 2009. It is an infrastructure platform for observing forest-atmosphere interactions and their impact on climate, atmospheric chemistry, aerosols and clouds, and greenhouse gases. In its first phase, the project was initiated and the ATTO site was founded jointly by the Brazilian National Institute for Amazonian Research (INPA), and the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry (MPI-C).

Since March 2016, with the tall tower construction complete, ATTO has entered a new phase of research, adding the Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry (MPI-BGC) in a leadership role together with MPI-C and INPA. ATTO is funded by MCTI (Brazil), BMBF (Germany) and the Max-Planck Society.

The ATTO site has 2 80-m towers and a new 325-m tall tower as well as a field camp, power generators, and laboratory containers.


External links



A large team of ca. 200 people are involved in the project. This is our team at MPI-BGC in Jena:

  • Scientific coordinator: Susan Trumbore
  • BGC Project Coordinator: Jost Lavric
  • PIs: Jost Lavric, Eliane Gomes-Alves, Carlos Sierra, Gerd Gleixner, Christoph Gerbig, Daniel Marra
  • Post Doctoral scientists & PhD students: Shujiro Komiya,Santiago Botia, Ingrid Chanca, Carsten Simon, Ann-Sophie Lehnert, David Herrera, Jeffrey Beem-Miller, Alison Hoyt
  • Field experiments, Technical Support & Safety: Olaf Kolle, Martin Hertel, Kerstin Hippler, Karl Kübler, Steffen Schmidt, Uwe Schultz, Thomas Seifert, Susanne Hejja
  • Data Managment / Data Base: Jost Lavric, Marcus Guderle
  • Outreach: Iris Moebius, Eberhard Fritz, Susanne Hejja
  • Project Financial Administrator: Katharina Witt
  • Administrative Support: Eberhard Fritz, Angela Günther, Kerstin Kühn


  • May 2019: ATTO workshop 2019 - Save the date
The next ATTO workshop will take place in Manaus, Brasil, 16. – 18. September 2019. More information to follow soon.
  • March 2019: ATTO at EGU 2019
EGU 2019 is shining a light on Amazon research. Jošt Lavrič, Beto Quesada, Alessandro Araújo and Matthias Sörgel are chairing a session titled „Intact Amazon forest – a natural laboratory of global significance“. We‘re excited that, in addition to many of our ATTO team members, scientists from a variety of other projects will participate in the session. It is going to be a very diverse and exciting, with lots of possibilities to share knowledge and extend our network. It will take place on Friday, 12 April. Find full details on the session here
  • July 2018 ATTO web presence
You can now find out more about ATTO on its brandnew webpage! You can also follow project updates on Social Media at @ATTOresearch on Twitter, @ATTOresearch on Instagram, @ATTOproject on Facebook and ATTO - Amazon Tall Tower Observatory on Youtube.
  • 19-Apr-2018 ATTO workshop
The ATTO workshop draft agenda is available and the registration is now open.
  • 23-Mar-2018 ATTO workshop - Save the date
The next ATTO workshop will take place in Jena, 18. – 20. June 2018. More information to follow soon.
  • 26-Feb-2018 Post-doc positions in ATTO project
With unique facilities, centered on the 325 meter tower and two 80 m towers about 150 km northeast of Manaus, ATTO provides an unprecedented platform to study the role of Amazon tropical forests in Earth system processes and climate. The towers are equipped with instruments to measure greenhouse gases and their isotopes, reactive trace gases, aerosols and clouds, as well as micrometeorological data to study forest energy and carbon balance. Additional projects investigate the processes that give rise to observed forest-atmosphere exchanges. Research within the ATTO project is divided into four major themes: 1. Regional greenhouse gas balance; 2. Physical climate: Energy, water, and winds; 3. Aerosols, clouds, and atmospheric processes; 4. Processes regulating land-air exchange.
We are offering post-doc positions at INPA and for each of the four themes one position is available. The four scientists will be based at INPA and interact with national and international groups involved in the ATTO project. Post-docs interested in one of these positions must have a PhD in Physics, Chemistry, Biology or a closely related field. They must be prepared to work in a self-contained manner and willing to work in the field under basic field conditions. ATTO offers the opportunity to work in a unique, highly international scientific environment and the ability to interact with a range of interdisciplinary and international scientists. The post-doc scholarships are for 3 years at a salary of R$4100 per month.
Please send your applications including a letter of interest, CV and certificates not later than on 25 March 2018 to Bruno Takeshi. In your letter, please indicate the direction of research that you would prefer. If any questions should arise, please contact Bruno Takeshi or one of the two coordinators – Beto Quesada (INPA) or Susan Trumbore (MPI-BGC).
For additional information, see the full announcement here.
  • 16-Oct-2017 Workshop on building research at ATTO
On 4 and 5 October, we participated at the ATTO workshop hosted by the National Institute of Amazonian Research (INPA; Manaus, Brazil). The main objectives were to present current work related to the ATTO site and plan future joint research at and around ATTO.
The workshop participants agreed to produce a new science plan that integrates research on energy, water, aerosols, and greenhouse gases exchange between the central Amazon forests and the atmosphere, and explores the role of volatile organics and trace gases on cloud formation and atmospheric chemistry. Over the next 20 years, ATTO scientists aim at providing new knowledge on the role of the Amazon forest in the global climate system and its response to changing climate.

_ Latest ATTO publications

1Zannoni, N., Leppla, D., de Assis, P. I. L. S., Hoffmann, T., Sá, M., Araújo, A., Williams, J. (2020). Surprising chiral composition changes over the Amazon rainforest with height, time and season. Communications Earth & Environment, 1: 4. doi:10.1038/s43247-020-0007-9.
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2Yáñez-Serrano, A. M., Bourtsoukidis, E., Alves, E. G., Bauwens, M., Stavrakou, T., Llusia, J., Filella, I., Guenther, A., Williams, J., Artaxo, P., Sindelarova, K., Doubalova, J., Kesselmeier, J., Peñuelas, J. (2020). Amazonian biogenic volatile organic compounds under global change. Global Change Biology, 26(9), 4722-4751. doi:10.1111/gcb.15185. (internal: suppl1.docx final.pdf )
3Tunnicliffe, R. L., Ganesan, A. L., Parker, R. J., Boesch, H., Gedney, N., Poulter, B., Zhang, Z., Lavric, J. V., Walter, D., Rigby, M., Henne, S., Young, D., O'Doherty, S. (2020). Quantifying sources of Brazil's CH4 emissions between 2010 and 2018 from satellite data. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 20(21), 13041-13067. doi:10.5194/acp-20-13041-2020.
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4Schrod, J., Thomson, E. S., Weber, D., Kossmann, J., Pöhlker, C., Saturno, J., Ditas, F., Artaxo, P., Clouard, V., Saurel, J.-M., Ebert, M., Curtius, J., Bingemer, H. G. (2020). Long-term INP measurements from four stations across the globe. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions. doi:10.5194/acp-2020-667.
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5Resende, A. F., Piedade, M. T. F., Feitosa, Y. O., Andrade, V. H. F., Trumbore, S. E., Durgante, F. M., Macedo, M. O., Schöngart, J. (2020). Flood-pulse disturbances as a threat for long-living Amazonian trees. New Phytologist, 227(6 Special Issue: Featured papers on ‘Advances on genomics, biology, ecology and evolution of Brachypodium’), 1790-1803. doi:10.1111/nph.16665. (internal: suppl1.pdf final.pdf )
6Ramsay, R., Di Marco, C. F., Sörgel, M., Heal, M. R., Carbone, S., Artaxo, P., de Araùjo, A. C., Sá, M., Pöhlker, C., Lavric, J. V., Andreae, M. O., Nemitz, E. (2020). Concentrations and biosphere–atmosphere fluxes of inorganic trace gases and associated ionic aerosol counterparts over the Amazon rainforest. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions. doi:10.5194/acp-2020-586.
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7Ramsay, R., Di Marco, C. F., Heal, M. R., Sörgel, M., Artaxo, P., Andreae, M. O., Nemitz, E. (2020). Measurement and modelling of the dynamics of NH3 surface-atmosphere exchange over the Amazonian rainforest. Biogeosciences Discussions. doi:10.5194/bg-2020-219.
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8Oliveira, M. I., Acevedo, O. C., Sörgel, M., Nascimento, E. L., Manzi, A. O., Oliveira, P. E. S., Brondani, D. V., Tsokankunku, A., Andreae, M. O. (2020). Planetary boundary layer evolution over the Amazon rainforest in episodes of deep moist convection at the Amazon Tall Tower Observatory. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 20(1), 15-27. doi:10.5194/acp-20-15-2020.
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9Löbs, N., Walter, D., Barbosa, C. G. G., Brill, S., Cerqueira, G. R., de Oliveira Sá, M., de Araújo, A. C., de Oliveira, L. R., Ditas, F., Moran-Zuloaga, D., Pires Florentino, A. P., Wolff, S., Godoi, R. H. M., Kesselmeier, J., Mota de Oliveira, S., Andreae, M. O., Pöhlker, C., Weber, B. (2020). Microclimatic conditions and water content fluctuations experienced by epiphytic bryophytes in an Amazonian rain forest. Biogeosciences, 17(21), 5399-5416. doi:10.5194/bg-17-5399-2020.
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10Löbs, N., Barbosa, C. G. G., Brill, S., Walter, D., Ditas, F., de Sá, M. O., de Araújo, A. C., de Oliveira, L. R., Godoi, R. H. M., Wolff, S., Piepenbring, M., Kesselmeier, J., Artaxo, P., Andreae, M. O., Pöschl, U., Pöhlker, C., Weber, B. (2020). Aerosol measurement methods to quantify spore emissions from fungi and cryptogamic covers in the Amazon. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 13(1), 153-164. doi:10.5194/amt-13-153-2020.
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11Liu, L., Cheng, Y., Wang, S., Wei, C., Pöhlker, M., Pöhlker, C., Artaxo, P., Shrivastava, M., Andreae, M. O., Pöschl, U., Su, H. (2020). Impact of biomass burning aerosols on radiation, clouds, and precipitation over the Amazon: relative importance of aerosol–cloud and aerosol–radiation interactions. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 20(21), 13283-13301. doi:10.5194/acp-20-13283-2020.
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12Komiya, S., Kondo, F., Moossen, H., Seifert, T., Schultz, U., Geilmann, H., Walter, D., Lavric, J. V. (2020). Characterising water vapour concentration dependence of commercial cavity ring-down spectrometers for continuous onsite atmospheric water vapour isotope measurements in the tropics. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions. doi:10.5194/amt-2020-305.
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13Holanda, B. A., Pöhlker, M. L., Saturno, J., Sörgel, M., Ditas, J., Ditas, F., Wang, Q., Donth, T., Artaxo, P., Barbosa, H. M. J., Braga, R., Brito, J., Cheng, Y., Dollner, M., Franco, M. A., Kaiser, J., Klimach, T., Knote, C., Krüger, O. O., Fütterer, D., Lavric, J. V., Ma, N., Machado, L. A. T., Ming, J., Morais, F., Paulsen, H., Sauer, D., Schlager, H., Su, H., Weinzierl, B., Walser, A., Walter, D., Wendisch, M., Ziereis, H., Zöger, M., Pöschl, U., Andreae, M. O., Pöhlker, C. (2020). Influx of African biomass burning aerosol during the Amazonian dry season through layered transatlantic transport of black carbon-rich smoke. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 20(8), 4757-4785. doi:10.5194/acp-20-4757-2020.
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14Gonçalves, N. B., Lopes, A. P., Dalagnol, R., Wu, J., Pinho, D. M., Nelson, B. W. (2020). Both near-surface and satellite remote sensing confirm drought legacy effect on tropical forest leaf phenology after 2015/2016 ENSO drought. Remote Sensing of Environment, 237: 111489. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2019.111489. (internal: final.pdf )
15Fischer-Henningsen, D. (2020). Chirale Pinene im Regenwald. Chemie in unserer Zeit, 54(5), 279-279. doi:10.1002/ciuz.202010006. (internal: final.pdf )
16Emmerichs, T., Kerkweg, A., Ouwersloot, H., Fares, S., Mammarella, I., Taraborrelli, D. (2020). A revised dry deposition scheme for land-atmosphere exchange of trace gases in ECHAM/MESSy v2.54. Geoscientific Model Development Discussions. doi:10.5194/gmd-2020-139.
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17Chamecki, M., Freire, L. S., Dias, N. L., Chen, B., Dias-Junior, C. Q., Machado, L. A. T., Sörgel, M., Tsokankunku, A., Araújo, A. (2020). Effects of vegetation and topography on the boundary layer structure above the Amazon Forest. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 77(8), 2941-2957. doi:10.1175/JAS-D-20-0063.1. (internal: final.pdf )
18Camarinha-Neto, G. F., Cohen, J. C. P., Dias-Júnior, C. Q., Sörgel, M., Cattanio, J. H., Araújo, A., Wolff, S., Kuhn, P. A. F., Souza, R. A. F., Rizzo, L. V., Artaxo, P. (2020). Friagem event in Central Amazon and its influence on micrometeorological variables and atmospheric chemistry. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions. doi:10.5194/acp-2020-564.
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19Botía, S. B., Gerbig, C., Marshall, J., Lavric, J. V., Walter, D., Pölhker, C., Holanda, B., Fisch, G., de Araújo, A. C., Sá, M. O., Teixeira, P. R., Resende, A. F., Dias-Junior, C. Q., van Asperen, H., Oliveira, P. S., Stefanello, M., Acevedo, O. C. (2020). Understanding nighttime methane signals at the Amazon Tall Tower Observatory (ATTO). Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 20(11), 6583-6606. doi:10.5194/acp-20-6583-2020.
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For a complete list of peer-reviewed ATTO publications, go to the ATTO publications page

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